The income disparity in the United States has been a major issue that has elicited heated debates in the social and political arenas. The economic challenges of the modern world have exerted significant pressure on the American households. However, American citizens do not experience economic hardships equally since there is considerable inequality in income which has increasingly become a challenge for the country. The political class has progressively attempted to develop and implement economic policies that seek to bridge the income gaps between the various social classes. These attempts have so far been unsuccessful and ineffective in reduce the prevalent income inequality in the United States. The American people are promised an economic environment that is conducive towards the realization of the American dream; however, the income disparity and wide gap between the upper, middle and lower classes is global issue that affects most countries.

Inequality and Poverty

The precept of the American dream has been perpetuated from the industrial revolution to date; however, the promises of the American dream have become increasingly difficult to realize as a result of high income inequalities (Creedy and Kalb, 105). Inequality affects the American dream by creating an illusion of a better life in America. Issues such as economic and social inequalities have made the American dream are mere illusions that can only be thought of but not realized (Creedy and Kalb 35). Though it is argued that it does not matter where a person comes from, his/her originality, religion or social status; these factors do matter in the determination of social and economic position. Social inequality and poverty are also evident in most countries across the world as a result of the established social and economic order that causes huge gaps to exist between the rich and the poor. The United States, like other developed and developing counties in the world is highly influenced by gaps between the social classes. The poor continue to face challenges such as joblessness, inaccessibility to healthcare, inadequate social and economic infrastructure. These issues are common countries where the rich continue control economic resources making it increasingly difficult for the poor to gain any social and economic mobility.

The idea of the American dream is inherently an illusion to the lower classes comprising mostly of ethnic minorities and immigrants; essentially the lower classes. It has been debated that the idea of American dream is a control mechanism that is manipulated by the upper classes to ensure that the lower classes content with their poor lives. Therefore, the illusion of the American dream is presented to the lower classes with the aim of keeping them satisfied with their poor lives and accordingly convince them the uphold or perpetuate the cultural idea of the American dream.

The ideal family and a white picketed fence around the house are among the illusions of the American dream. However, the reality of this dream is that of the lower class men toiling on a daily basis in offices or factories for long hours in order to obtain a paycheck that hardly covers their living costs. The American dream is an illusion that is employed by the upper classes to keep the lower classes in control (Creedy and Kalb 144). The lower classes and the poor are often promised better working conditions, better remuneration and improved services such as healthcare. Meanwhile, the country’s economy has been affected by a myriad of factors including mismanagement of public resources, recessions and politics. As a result, people continue to be laid off from their jobs, while a significant number of Americans cannot afford basic healthcare.


It is evident that the government will not be taking any considerable actions in the form of revising tax policies or income redistribution policies with the aim of addressing the prevalence of income inequality in America. If the income disparity is allowed to continue, the gap between the rich and poor will escalate making the small percentage of the rich to have control of the country’s resources and subjecting larger population of middle and lower classes to further economic servitude. The American dream will continue to remain an illusion to a majority of Americans and those wishing to join the American population. This is a result of the escalating inequality between the rich and the poor.